Penny, a medical doctor by trade, leads our healthcare work across Europe. She has substantial expertise in redesigning healthcare services in order to improve life expectancy, ensure high-quality services, and reduce cost. Penny has worked on many aspects of health system and payor strategy, such as initiatives to redesign care across care pathways, restructuring or reconfiguring providers to drive improvements in quality and cost, ensuring a well-trained and efficient workforce, and using competition and information to drive improvements in care. She serves hospitals to develop strategies for growth, improved quality of care, and financial performance and has also worked with a number of payors to transform their services. Penny has worked with clients from across the public and private sector, including local health systems, hospitals, private equity groups, start-up companies, and think tanks—predominantly in the United Kingdom, across Europe, and Australia. She was previously the head of strategy for the National Health Service in the United Kingdom, where she developed the NHS Plan, which is still used today as a guide for policy direction. She is also a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, and was the Vice Chairman of The King’s Fund from 2006 to 2015 and a co-founder and co-director of the Cambridge Health Network. From 2004 to 2006, she served as a Non Executive Director of Monitor, the independent regulator of hospital in the United Kingdom.